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Nutrition

Managing Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

Hand with cloth patting red, irritated skin dry.
After bathing, gently pat your skin dry (don’t rub). Apply moisturizer while your skin is still damp.

To manage your symptoms and help reduce the severity and frequency, try these self-care tips:

Caring for your skin

  • Use a gentle, fragrance-free cleanser (or soap substitute cleanser) for bathing. Rinse well. Pat skin dry.

  • Take warm, not hot, baths or showers. Try to limit them to no more that 10 to 15 minutes. 

  • Use moisturizer liberally right after you bathe, while your skin is still damp.

  • Try not to scratch because it will cause more damage to your skin. 

  • Topical, over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream may help control mild symptoms. 

Controlling your environment

  • Stay out of extreme heat or cold.

  • Stay out of very humid or very dry air.

  • If your home or office air is very dry, use a humidifier.

  • Stay away from allergens such as dust that may be in bedding, carpets, plush toys, or rugs.

  • Know that pet hair and dander can cause flare-ups.

Seeking medical treatment

Another way to keep symptoms under control is to seek medical treatment. Talk with your healthcare provider about the type of treatment that may work best for you. Your provider may prescribe treatments such as:

  • Treatments to put on the skin daily

  • Medicines taken by mouth (oral medicines) such as antihistamines, antibiotics, or corticosteroids

  • In severe cases, you may need shots (injections) to control the symptoms. You may even need antibiotics if skin infections occur.

Treatments don’t work the same way for every person. So if your symptoms continue or get worse, ask your healthcare provider about other treatments.

Making lifestyle choices

  • Manage the stress in your life.

  • Wear loose-fitting cotton clothing that does not bind or rub your skin.

  • Don't wear wool or other scratchy fabrics.

  • Use fragrance-free products.

Next step

Now that you know more about atopic dermatitis, the next step is up to you. Follow your healthcare provider’s treatment plan and your self-care routine. This will help bring atopic dermatitis under control. If your symptoms persist, be sure to let your health care provider know.

Online Medical Reviewer: Michael Lehrer MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Rita Sather RN
Date Last Reviewed: 8/1/2019
© 2000-2019 The StayWell Company, LLC. 800 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.
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